The word “myth” has two very different meanings here, one of which we will be using more often in the context of this textbook. According to these thinkers, the ancients worshiped natural phenomena, such as fire and air, gradually deifying them. - Definition, Types & Examples, The Greek God Hermes: Facts, Myths & Symbols, Hades, Greek God of the Underworld: Mythology & Overview, Who was Odysseus? Discuss the following questions with a classmate. $\ccbysa$, Greek vase by Euphronios, 515 BC, photo taken by Ismoon in 2017, $\ccbysa$, Triumph of Christianity by Tommaso Laureti (1530 – 1602), $\ccpd$, Popular books inspired by Greek mythology in a local bookstore. Myths are universal. Under this definition of myth, that means that stories from the Bible and the Quran also contains myths. People still study the ancient Greeks and their myths much in the same reason they study other cultures and that is so they can learn from it. What stories or explanations have you heard about how life on Earth began? Why Mythology? I think people would be surprised what is actually in some of the stories. I try to connect the dots between the past and the present.” I try to connect the dots, too. Socrates was sentenced to death and forced to poison himself. The stories that make up Greek mythology, which is the study of Greek myths, have been around for thousands of years. Myth meaning stories and ology meaning the study of. For example, according to this theory, ancients tended to view things as gods, not as mere objects. The lightning bolt as important in Greek Mythology because it was the symbol of Zeus, lord of the sky and ruler of Olympus. This theory is named euhemerism after mythologist Euhemerus (c. 320 BCE), who suggested that Greek gods developed from legends about human beings. Usually we consider myths to be stories that contain religious or magical elements, more specifically narratives or stories that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. God has chosen to record the words and life of our Lord and His Apostles in the Greek language. How will that affect the way you take notes about the reading? To understand the importance of Greek mythology for modern people, it is important to take a look at the allegorical meaning of the tales. on Flickr, $\ccbynd$. Write a summary of the events of the story. Mythology is important because it "explains" where many different ideas or origin have come from. Why Study Greek Mythology? Become a Study.com member to unlock this Similarly, some thinkers claimed that myths result from the personification of objects and forces. You could even create an entire mythology unit study or even a unique World Mythology high school elective!. Why Is Zeus Important? Are there art, sculptures, or statues about this story? When a student hears it in a story, it’s easy for them to identify and emulate the behavior. Using your own words, answer the questions below according to the reading. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Make a note of where you found the answer in your reading. Why Study Ancient Greek? In this way, the ancient Greeks tried to make sense of natural events around them before the discovery of science – why earthquakes happened, why the sea tossed angrily, why there were storms or cold winters – were probably the doings or punishment from the gods, to the ancient Greeks. Greek mythology has profoundly influenced Western culture. But this is actually a twisted definition of the word “myth,” which in Greek just means “story”. It is the fact that history, theology or mythology could have alternative interpretations or explanations. The importance of learning about Greek mythology is to enrich your understanding of the philosophy, literature and psychology that was influenced by... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Their mythical nature does not take away from the fact they contain important morals and teachings that are as relevant now as they were thousands of years ago. The Importance Of Mythology In Ancient Greek Patriarchy 1592 Words | 7 Pages. The Greeks had a very different idea of god than Abrahamic religions. Photo credits: Otterbein University Theatre & Dance in Ohio, $\ccbysa$. Some theories propose that myths began as allegories for natural phenomena: Apollo represents the sun, Poseidon represents water, and so on. Some, especially early on, were tolerant of other religions, even mixing local religious festivals with Christian ones in the hopes of converting pagans to Christianity. Mythology is an extremely important part of that culture. However, the Romans borrowed much of the Greek religion and art styles of the time. The answer to that is very simple: to learn. Maybe it is because when some one uses the word “myth” we are automagically reminded of Greek or Roman myths. The stories have so much in them, they detail how to live and think..and give examples of heroism and suffering and wisdom. Note: There are Two Keys to the understanding and appreciation of Western culture: the knowledge of Biblical and Classical literature. Photo credits: Charity Davenport, $\ccbyncsa$, A 2004 performance of Euripides’ “Medea”, originally written in 431 BC. Have questions or comments? Just because the gods seem like humans doesn’t mean they are on the same level. Socrates became a powerful philosopher, and many religious and political figures did not like that. What do you think is the author’s purpose of the text: to inform, entertain, or to persuade? Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit has become modern mythology. Click here for additional resources related to this reading! What two major events caused the decline of the Greek religion? “The Greeks ' most important legacy is not, as we would like to think, democracy; it is mythology” (Lefkowitz, 2001, p. 207). What is the difference between the two definitions of the word “myth”? What are five theories (or themes) of comparative mythology that are explained in the reading? Many of the gods or magical beings could shape-shift, meaning they could become an animal or another person. These sentences are from the next reading. The major Greek gods and goddesses powerlisting.wikia.com. Myths are important to study, because they show how our ancestors thought and what they believed. They teach us important life lessons that we can learn from today. Australian Biden-Harris cartoon sparks furor. Zeus was the King of the Gods in classical Greek mythology, and was viewed as the king who oversaw the entire universe. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods or supernatural humans. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Stories from ancient Greece have been a subject of deep academic study for many years now. With these classic stories, the lines between righteous and immoral behavior are clear cut, so that even young children can recognize examples of the 4 cardinal virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance. This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Myth,” One theory claims that myths are distorted accounts of historical events. For instance, mythology delves into such basic debates as good versus evil or looks into the nature of man. Some believe that these stories were told to establish models for moral behavior, both by showing what was favorable and what punishments some received after doing immoral actions. For example, you may know the goddess of love in Greek as Aphrodite, but in Latin as Venus. 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